E Pluribus Unum? Ethnicity, Islam, and the Construction of Identity in Azerbaijan
David Siroky and Ceyhun Mahmudlu

In multinational states, developing a strong sense of civic nationalism among minorities is critical to creating social order. Countries that fail to cultivate civic nationalism among minorities can face persistent problems of separatism on the periphery. This article investigates the role of three factors that may explain the variable loyalty of individuals from minority groups to the state inter-ethnic networks, in-group solidarity and religiosity. Drawing on an original survey of Lezghin and Talysh minorities in Azerbaijan, the analysis suggests that individuals with a stronger Islamic identity and more interethnic networks were more likely to identify with state-promoted civic nationalism, due to their ability to cut across ethnic identities. Against our expectations, group solidarity did not influence an individual’s degree of attachment to civic identity.


High Degree Autonomy Status for Nagorno Karabakh and Its Possible Role in The Solution of the Conflict

Ceyhun Mahmudlu, Agil Ahmadov

Nagorno Karbakh Conflict is one of the frozen conflicts that inherited from the Soviet legacy. It is over the two decades that the dispute between Azerbaijan and Armenia over the Nagorno Karbakh hasn’t been solved yet. However numbers of peace building initiatives were done by the third parties of the conflict who are involved as a mediator for the solution of the dispute. One of the main reasons of the gridlock of the issue is the different approaches of the conflicting parties to the future status of the disputed region. While Azerbaijan declared to provide the region with the high degree autonomy status which is existed in the practice, Armenia insists on the full independence. Offered article will analyze the possible versions of high degree autonomy status for Nagorno Karbakh through studying the similar cases in the practice. Particularly South Tyrol and Tatarstan are taken as cases for understanding of the conceptual framework of high degree autonomy status.