Karabakh Research Department


 

 Karabakh Research Department

 

Qafqaz University Institute for Social Sciences and Humanities Karabakh Research Department (KRD) was founded in 2015. The main goal of the KRD is to conduct researches about the history and culture of Karabakh and investigate the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan.

 

Being part of Arran, Karabakh was one of socio-cultural and political-economic centers of Azerbaijan and has been playing a great role in its history since ancient times. Nagorno-Karabakh has been a historical territory of Azerbaijan and majority of population were ethnic Azerbaijanis for the past several centuries. Armenian population could prevail only during the last two centuries after the settlement of the Armenians in this region as a result of the treaties signed between Russian-Persian and Russian-Ottoman empires at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Although the Versailles Peace Conference recognized Nagorno-Karabakh as part of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (1918-1920) in 1920, Armenia did not abandon its demand on the territory. After two years controversies between Azerbaijan and Armenia, when the South Caucasus countries became part of the Soviet Empire at the beginning of 1920s, Nagorno-Karabakh was again flagged as a topic of discussion. Therefore, while referring to pre-existing reality, plenum of Kavbureau CC RCP(b) (Caucasus Bureau of the Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party of the Bolsheviks) decided to leave Nagorno-Karabakh within the territory of Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic according to the decree of the July 5, 1921. Further in 1923, it was granted with an autonomous status.

 

At the eve of the collapse of the Soviet Union, in February 20, 1988, the Regional Soviet of Nagorno-Karabakh decided to transfer the region to the sovereignty of Armenia, which was rejected not only by Azerbaijan SSR, but also by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and the Central committee of the CPSU with reference to the Article 78 of the USSR Constitution. However, despite this fact, Armenian side used the Soviet Law of 3 April 1993 “on the Procedures for Resolving Questions Related to the Secession of Union Republics from the USSR” as a legal basis to justify its separatist actions. These endeavors explicitly violated not only above-mentioned article of the Soviet Constitution, but also the 1990 April Law per se. However, from that time on, Armenians possessed unconstitutional government over Karabakh.

 

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the war between Azerbaijan and Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh broke out and lasted until May 1994, when the cease-fire agreement was signed between the parties to the conflict. Thus, the conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, which has not resolved yet, remains to be one of the most controversial issues in post-Soviet spaces. In this regard, the main goal of the KRD is to conduct researches in all fields that related to Karabakh in order to promote the truth about Karabakh in the country and bring it to the attention of the world community.